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Claire Christian Valves April 12th, 2019 - 12:35:09
Two thousands years ago, the Chinese people applied the bamboo trunk and wooden plug into water pipeline. Then later they applied the sluice into the irrigational canal, the plate check valve into bellows for smelting and so on. With the development of smelting process and hydraulic machinery, the plug valve made of brass and lead appeared in Europe. Besides, with the wide application of boiler, in 1681 the safe valve with lever and heavy bob came into the world. Before the invention of the Watt steam engine, the plug valve and check valve were the most important valves. The steam engine leaded the valve into a new field namely mechanical industry.
Cases and Ball Valves in the products of leading manufacturers are made by hot pressing or hot forging. Manufacturers producing fake not spent on buying such technology and its products are manufactured by casting. These products are characterized by an uneven surface of the body, rolls, may have a mixed structure of the material - with aerial shells and, consequently, low reliability. Ball valves (balls) rigged valves are often not made of brass, and of transformer steel, coated or even without it. Steel balls quickly corrode and cease to be leak proof. Failure to invest in the copper alloy brass faucet body makes it suspiciously easy. Steel ball compensates for this lack of weight, masking the presence of thin-wall housing is unacceptable.
As a rule customarily, the sealing face for the low-pressure valve mostly applies the brass or brozen. The sealing faces of the high or middle-pressure valves are made of stainless steel. If the valve has high requirement for the temperature or pressure, cobalt base alloy is used as the main material of the sealing face. What's more, the polymeric material is widely used in the valve field. For example, PTEF material is applied into the seat of ball valves, different rubber materials for seal packing ring of the butterfly valve and septum of the diaphragm valve. All in all, the sealability of these materials is better than that of metal in the available temperature range.
In order to achieve the best performance of valves, manufactures must take many important design factors into consideration. These factors include actuator or positioner design, valve response time, valve type and sizing, and dead band.
Among the many types of Valves manufactured by Swagelok, are Ball Valves - these are used where flow needs to be completely shut-off. They have advantages over many other types of Valves in that they are easy to use, easy to maintain, and can regulate high-pressure, high-volume and high flow of temperature. They are uncomplicated, sturdy, and inexpensive; they lend themselves to a long service life. Swagelok has a full catalogue of various types of Ball Valves. For all the advantages of Ball Valves, they are not suitable for use where fine control of a Valve is needed. Depending on system requirements, in these circumstances, a Needle Valve may be appropriate - these allow for a range of flow, and can control flow into delicate gauges where sudden surges of pressurized fluid can cause damage. They can also be used where flow must be precisely and gradually brought to a halt. Needle Valves are not suitable for simple shut-off applications as are Ball Valves - they should be used where a small rate of flow is required.
It is useful to say how counterfeit valves masquerading as the original. One of the techniques - misspelling the names of famous companies, such as, Bogati instead of Matca-Norca. Formally, this is not fake, because the original brand is not used. There are cases of writing only the names of countries, for example, USA, instead of adopting a made in Italy. The distortion of the famous logo, placing it, for example, not a diamond, but a square or a circle, also serves to confuse the buyer. Evidence of fraud may be the absence of any of the markings required for specific manufacturers. The sale of gas valves, and found such a primitive form of deception, as replacement faucet handles on native yellow - gas (gas valves are more expensive). Price savings may be too high, so choose the ball valves are safer from the range of recognized brands.