Alexandra Trevino Valves April 11th, 2019 - 12:04:01
My goal is either a fake - under cover, used well-known brand, at minimal cost to create an external object like a fake. First, what saves the underground businessmen, it is - raw. Shells taps and ball valves shall be manufactured from special grades of brass, the chemical composition of which in USA are regulated by GOST and abroad - national standards. These standards include the copper content 57-60%, zinc - up to 40%, lead within 0,8-2,2%. (Lead is required to make the brass surface hardness). Illegal vendors typically use non-ferrous metals, the content of impurities which are not controlled. As a result, manufactured valves, the percentage of lead content in which, studies show that reaches 5-7%. It is well known that an excess of lead in water is very harmful to health.
The weight of titanium actually depends on whatever it is mixed with. Generally, however, titanium is about 45% lighter than normal steel, and double the strength as 6061-T6, a type of aluminum. This is why many people have found that titanium valves work a lot better than steel ones when making a racing engine. In the past, this element was once said to be a top-secret by the Russians. It was also classified as one of the materials used for various strategies by the United States government. Nowadays, with the commercial development of this metal, it has become more widely available, as well as affordable. Many manufacturers even make use of it to make mountain bikes and tennis rackets.
Among the many types of Valves manufactured by Swagelok, are Ball Valves - these are used where flow needs to be completely shut-off. They have advantages over many other types of Valves in that they are easy to use, easy to maintain, and can regulate high-pressure, high-volume and high flow of temperature. They are uncomplicated, sturdy, and inexpensive; they lend themselves to a long service life. Swagelok has a full catalogue of various types of Ball Valves. For all the advantages of Ball Valves, they are not suitable for use where fine control of a Valve is needed. Depending on system requirements, in these circumstances, a Needle Valve may be appropriate - these allow for a range of flow, and can control flow into delicate gauges where sudden surges of pressurized fluid can cause damage. They can also be used where flow must be precisely and gradually brought to a halt. Needle Valves are not suitable for simple shut-off applications as are Ball Valves - they should be used where a small rate of flow is required.
Ever since the 60's, people have been using titanium to create titanium valves for various cars. Titanium is the metal of choice for the creation of spy planes that soar in high-altitudes, as well as nuclear submarines. This is also why the metal has been used for engine valves.
Two thousands years ago, the Chinese people applied the bamboo trunk and wooden plug into water pipeline. Then later they applied the sluice into the irrigational canal, the plate check valve into bellows for smelting and so on. With the development of smelting process and hydraulic machinery, the plug valve made of brass and lead appeared in Europe. Besides, with the wide application of boiler, in 1681 the safe valve with lever and heavy bob came into the world. Before the invention of the Watt steam engine, the plug valve and check valve were the most important valves. The steam engine leaded the valve into a new field namely mechanical industry.
With the rapid development of different industries such as modern nuclear, petrochemical, electric and space, automatic control for process technology and long-distance fluid transportation, a lot of modern low-temperature valve, vacuum valve and control valve are in great need. So in order to ensure the good sealability and suitable strength of the above-mentioned valves, to develop new materials will be a great challenge. As it should be, just to improve the sealing ability and strength for future valves is not enough. It is suggested that the manufactures should expand other parameters of the valve and develop energy-saving, automatic and multi-functional valves, such as low-temperature one used for liquid oxygen, hydrogen or natural gas, vacuum valve, safe valve and so on