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Dorothea Mccray Valves April 12th, 2019 - 12:41:07
Valves have been playing a major role in the transportation of fluids in various industries like oil and petrochemicals, pharmaceutical industries and food and beverage industries and have become vital parts of many types of machinery too.
With the increase of the steam flow rate and pressure, the plug valve can not satisfy the number of steam admission and exhaustion at all. In order to solve the problem, people then invented the slide valve. In 1840, the check valve with threaded stem and the wedge gate valve with threaded stem become the great breakthrough in the valve field. The two valves did not only meet the requirement for pressure and temperature at that time but also initially satisfy the need for flow regulation. Later, because of the rapid development of power industry, oil industry, chemical industry and shipbuilding industry, all kinds of high or middle valves sprang up like mushrooms. What's more, after the Second World War, owning to the invention of new materials such as polymeric material, stainless steel, lubricating material, the old plug valve and butterfly valve gain the new application and the ball valve and diaphragm valve develop quickly.
A gate valve that incompletely opened can cause pulsations as well as long-lasting pipe damage. Fluid friction can also impair the valves' seating portion if it is halfway opened. In valves like these, its design is particularly intended to block the flow completely or permitting the movement of liquid completely.
Within a manual operated rubber valve, there are three basic design components; the body, disc and cover. With a specialized rubber casing, the valve offers, to all intents and purposes, a service to users that is maintenance free without distortion of the valve disc and seat. If compared to conventional check valves, a manual rubber valve will be found to operate for longer periods with minimal downtime.
Generally speaking, the valve for low-pressure and non-corrosive fluid is made of cast iron or cast copper. The high or middle-pressure is made of cast steel or forged steel. As for the valve used in the high-temperature or high-pressure, it will select the alloyed steel as the main material. Beside, stainless steel, plastics, chlorimet such as titanium alloy or lead alloy are applicable for the main materials of the valve used for the corrosive fluid.
The sometimes highly specialized working environments in which manual operated sleeve valves must perform can include differing temperatures ranging from -60°F to 300°F. The sleeves themselves can be manufactured from natural rubber or a compounded elastomer, which provide specific operational capabilities. Control sleeve valves are recognized for their excellent abrasion resistance and ability to process animal and vegetable fats.