Edwina Dorsey Valves April 14th, 2019 - 12:33:58
Swagelok Valves, as with all Swagelok products, are thoroughly tested, and the customer is assured that they will perform reliably, meet expectations of quality and are backed by the Swagelok Limited Lifetime guarantee. Valves are devices which are designed to open, close, or partially obstruct passageways in pipers, and in this way they regulate the flow of fluids and gasses. Valves have application over many different areas of many industries - this means they come in numerous designs and materials depending on the specifications they must meet. For this reason Swagelok produces top of the range Process, Instrumentation and Sanitary Valves, in a range of materials and end connections. Where necessary, Swagelok can manufacture or configure Valves to the special needs of a client's system requirements.
These examples of Swagelok Valves give the customer great insight into the care, detail, quality, design and testing that goes into the manufacture of each and every Valve in the Swagelok catalogue. It's easy to see why Swagelok has no hesitation in backing their products with the Swagelok Limited Lifetime Warranty.
Now you're probably wondering how instrument makers know how much tubing to add so that the pitch is lowered by half step. And if you're not, I'm still going to explain it! Because of acoustical theory, to lower the pitch by a half step, the working length of the instrument must increase by about 1/15, or 6.67% of the working length. For explanation purposes I will be using an instrument which is 100 inches in length (which is actually close to length of a euphonium). This means the second valve should have a length of 100/15 or 6.67" in order to lower the pitch by one half step. Now, to lower it a half step past that you must add 106.67/15 or 7.11" so the first valve must have a length of 6.67"+7.11" or 13.77 inches. Now let me explain that last statement as it may have thrown some of you off. The reason the first valve would not be simply 2(6.67) is that in order to lower the pitch by a whole step, there must be enough tubing to lower the pitch by a half step (6.67") and then enough tubing to lower that pitch a half step (7.11"). This same theory goes for the third valve, and yields a length of 21.36 inches.
Brass instruments, in their simplest form are simply tubes. At one end, a musician buzzes their lips to create sound, which leaves the instrument at the opposite end. Any tube (even ones for gardening as demonstrated on YouTube) can produce wide intervals. These intervals are dictated by the harmonic series, brass players generally call this the partial series. In order to sound the notes in-between the partial series, the performer must have a way to change the length of the tubing in the instrument. Some instruments, such as the trombone have a moveable slide, while others including euphoniums, baritones, trumpets, and french horns have valves to change the amount of tubing the air flows through.
In order to achieve the best performance of valves, manufactures must take many important design factors into consideration. These factors include actuator or positioner design, valve response time, valve type and sizing, and dead band.
There are many different types of valves that are used in various ways. The butterfly valve is a commonly used valve. This valve is especially made for use in broad pipes. It is a disk revolving on a perpendicular axis inside the pipe and also functions as a damper or a control valve. This valve is an apparatus that regulates movement especially used in controlling a particular liquid that would run through a specific part of the pipe.